Regulations regarding car parks

You want to set up your business in the Brussels Capital Region, but this will require parking.   Below is an explanation of the regulations you need to respect to obtain these spaces. More specifically, these are regulations concerning private off-street parking spots for the principle use by a building such as an office, a shop, etc.

Legislative framework

Since 3 January 2007, parking spaces are regulated by section VIII of the regional planning regulations (RRU) (FR).  The RRU applies to the application for planning certificates and permits relating to new constructions, reconstructions, and - in some cases - building renovations.

  • Section VIII (FR) sets out the regulations concerning parking for cars, bicycles, and for deliveries.  In principle, car parks must be covered and ensure the safety of users and road users. Consult the aforementioned section VIII (FR) to find out about the applicable conditions.
  • Section IV (FR) of the regional planning regulations (RRU) sets out the regulations to be respected for accessibility of these car parks for people with reduced mobility.

In addition to these two sections of the RRU, additional regulations may be set out by the specific land allocation plans (PPAS), subdivision permits (PL), municipal planning regulations (RCU), or zoned planning regulations.  

To check if this type of regulation is applicable to your company, contact your municipality's planning department.

Standards for companies

1. Car parks for offices, high-tech activities, and the production of immaterial goods

  • Before reading the rules below, it is important to check that your activity corresponds to the definition (FR) of one of these three activities by consulting the regional land allocation plan.
     
  • To determine the number of parking spaces allowed, the regional territory has been divided into three zones based on company accessibility by public transport. The maximum number of parking spaces allowed increases when the number of public transport services decreases.
    A general map available on the "Brugis" website shows these three zones (A, B, or C). If you enter your address, your area will be displayed on the screen.   To display the zone, tick "RRU" in the menu on the left and untick the subsections "advertising" and "signs".  When you place your mouse over the area you are interested in, the name of the zone appears.
     
    • The maximum number of spaces allowed is:
    • in zone A: 2 for the first 250 m² and 1 per additional 200 m² of floor space;
    • in zone B: 1/100 m² of floor space
    • in zone C: 1/60 m² of floor space.
       
    • For cycle parking, the standard is 1/200 m² of floor space with a minimum of 2 cycle parking spaces per building.
       
    • In addition, a specific area must be provided for deliveries according to the following rules:
    • floor area 1,000 to 10,000 m²: minimum 1 delivery area accessible to lorries (minimum free height 2.60 m)
    • floor area > 10,000 m²: minimum 1 delivery area accessible to lorries (minimum free height 4.5 m).

In addition, from 5 February 2014, the Brussels code on air, climate, and energy management (COBRACE) intends to apply the same calculation method to existing buildings determining the number of parking spaces, which has applied to new buildings under the regional planning regulations since 1998.

At the time of each extension or renewal of an environmental permit, a maximum number of parking spaces is defined.

If these limits are exceeded, the COBRACE (FR) offers the following options:

  • Remove excess spaces and allocate them to another use;
  • Make spaces available to the public (such as resident parking or public parking)
  • Keep the excess spaces.  However, this application for additional spaces must be justified and will be subject to an annual tax, the "environmental tax".
  • Check that your activity corresponds to the definition of one of these ten activities by consulting the regional land allocation plan.
     
  • There are no longer any pre-established standards for these activities. The person applying for the planning permit or certificate must present a reasoned proposal based on their parking needs considering the company characteristics, mobility profile of its customers, type of activity, and on-street parking.  However, a minimum of 2 spaces must be provided for bicycles.
     
  • In addition, a specific area must be provided for deliveries according to the following rules:
  • floor area 500 to 1.000 m²: minimum 1 delivery area accessible to lorries (minimum free height 2.60 m)
  • floor area > 1.000 m²: minimum 1 delivery area accessible to lorries (minimum free height 4.5 m).

2. Parking for artisanal, industrial, or logistical activities, warehouses or the production of material services, or retail, wholesale or large specialised retail, public interest or public service equipment and hotel establishments.

What are the regulations concerning parking for people with reduced mobility?

Regulations concerning accessibility to car parks for persons with reduced mobility are determined by section IV (FR) of the regional planning regulations (RRU).  These regulations are not applicable to all company parking.  To find out if these regulations affect you, consult the full list of activities concerned on pages 4, 5, and 6 of section IV (FR) of the national planning regulation.

If this is the case, your car park must include at least two parking spaces reserved for vehicles used by people with reduced mobility, and at least one additional space of this type per 50 spaces.   They are indicated using an international accessibility symbol and are located close to entrances.    The minimum dimensions of these spaces are prescribed based on configuration.

This is merely a summary of some of the applicable regulations; we recommend that you consult the entirety of section IV to make sure that your company complies with these regulations.   And don't forget that if just one rule is not respected, this may prevent access to your car park for these people and will eradicate all the efforts you've made.

Do you need to apply for a planning and environmental permit?

To develop or modify your car park, your municipality may require you to apply for a planning permit. This permit is subject to so many rules that it would be impossible to list them all here.   We recommend that you contact your municipality's planning department.  If a planning permit application is required, this must be accompanied by an impact report for a covered car park offering between 25 and 200 spaces for cars or lorries, or an impact study for a car park with over 200 spaces for cars or lorries.   A risk assessment report must be requested from the fire department. Therefore, it is important to design your project while anticipating the requirements of the fire brigade and emergency medical service (SIAMU) in order to receive their indispensable positive opinion.

For an environmental permit, you need to check with your municipality's environmental department to find out if such a permit is required based on the list of classified facilities (FR).   According to section 68, a car park or covered spots where motor vehicles are parked of at least 10 automobiles or lorries already requires an environmental permit.

Updated 28/07/2017
Additional information / Who can help?

ANY QUESTIONS?

info@1819.brussels
call 1819

Mon-Fri from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.
and Tue from 5 p.m. to 7:00 p.m.

Service free of charge except call costs at local rate

infopoint 1819

Mon-Fri from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m.

Ch. de Charleroi 110, 1060 Brussels

...

Follow us